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through increased hunting pressure as a result of expansion of the loggingroadsnetwork),orboth.Althoughthereisageneral consensus that intensive snaring (the most effective means of obtaining musk deer glands) is the primary culprit, Kedarnath Wild Life Sanctuary, also called the Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary, is a wildlife sanctuary declared under Wildlife Protection Act, 1972 and located in Uttarakhand, India.Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. Grazing by domestic livestock (goats, sheep and buffalo), burning of pastures and collection of forest products and medicinal herbs are unregulated. startxref 37 0 obj Musk deer hunting has been illegal in Mongolia since 1953, but 2,000 male musk deer were poached annually between 1996 and 2001 and now populations are 20% of their levels in the 1970s. 38 0 obj 0000007237 00000 n 0000007021 00000 n Musk deer farming in China - Volume 82 Issue 1. They eat mainly shrub foliages, forbs, woody plant leaves and flowers. 37) 0000007406 00000 n Weaning is an important event for all mammals, including young forest musk deer. 2. 2013-10-19T09:19:03Z The project aims to conduct research studies to collect data on the population and habitat status of musk deer in Salkhla Game Reserve and neighboring forest. In China, the Sichuan Province started the earliest farming of forest musk deer (Moschus berezovskii) in 1958 and now possesses the largest captive population held in the Sichuan Musk Deer Breeding Institution (containing about 1100 individuals; [3]). 2013-10-19T09:19:06Z %���� (�S�5 ܢ{V��><>0Ϯ �� ��*ek������mZgÙ��u�{��E��V�⏽)�q����&��$�hi�y��yi�Xe��fcH0��9ߡ_�i��xh��d\Ete厧��~@he��y�$)'�&��CR?3L�-�s�O�A�g�.KN1mHT4����u}�7S%���3T�{9�H2�L��m�êM������a�ϯ����:� experiences of his research on musk deer in Nepal. We took 42 sample plots of size 10×10m for trees, 41 sample plots of 4×4m for shrubs and 42 of 1×1m for herb/grass layer to study the priority habitat of musk deer at different aspects between Disturbances in the habitat of musk deer such as signs of cattle grazing and their dung � OA�Ƌh�����U��X0�2�������[,W�37Yj��X�Ҫ$��l:5�[�M8�ϙ- +:k|�:�>�@.s���'�C47��ܞE�e��������=�eR�m�=�S -C�'V�r_'�e���8z��RZ�.������и�·5º��j�9V%d��5H��b�5��l�]�4�̬^ږ���є It looks really great and modern on your place. Sagarmatha National Park The Sagarmatha (Mt. They are primarily browsers and very selective feeders. Rare, elusive and endangered, the Musk Deer is one of the most fascinating species of Deer found in the southern slopes of Himalayas. 0000000734 00000 n stream 2013-10-19T09:19:06Z 0000002411 00000 n Photograph courtesy J. Goodrich . 504 21 Five musk deer species (genus Moschus) are distributed in China, and the present estimated numbers in the wild are between 220 000 and 320 000.Population size of musk deer has dropped significantly due to historical over-hunting and loss or degradation of their habitat. Are these endangered or vulnerable at present ? 0 0000007585 00000 n %PDF-1.6 %���� From 1994 to 1996, approximately 60 kg of musk was imported by Germany and re-exported to Hong Kong and Singapore. – 53(2): 129–140 (2004) Review of the distribution, status and conservation of musk deer in China Yijun ZHOU1, Xiuxiang MENG1,2∗, Jinchao FENG1, Qisen YANG2, Zuojian FENG2, Lin XIA2 and Luděk BARTOŠ3 1 School of Life and Environment Sciences, Central University for Nationalities, 27 Zhongguancun Nan-da-jie, Beijing 100081, China; e-mail:mengxiuxiang2006@hotmail.com trailer 504 0 obj <> endobj 2. 0000003545 00000 n Baseline Habitat Survey during summer of 2005 Vegetation sampling was conducted during … However, weaning stress may cause intestinal microbiota-related disorders. endobj DIY paper craft projects to create a polygonal shaped sculpture. and Harris, 2008). 0000005883 00000 n The increase in Musk deer population could be attributed to the initiatives taken under Protected Areas Management Project. The Wildlife Conservation Society, in association with the Pacific Institute of Geography and the Svertsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, is also taking part in this project. ���VHt�xgQ�q/P�VP16] B;�7f� <> population of Musk deer in MNP was estimated as 64 individuals. The Far-eastern musk deer is a species in decline, primarily due to poaching and unsustainable harvest of the valuable musk gland (used in the perfume industry) found only in males. 2 15 ABSTRACT 16 Musk secretion in male musk deer is regarded as a propitious mode of sexual election 17 to attract a greater number of females. application/pdf 0000002956 00000 n Nitro Pro 9 (9. Five musk deer species (genus Moschus) are distributed in China, and the present estimated numbers in the wild are between 220 000 and 320 000. Total population of Musk deer was estimated at 64 individuals in the park which showed an increase over the previous population of 35 animals estimated in 2004. 129 Folia Zool. <<5D83A809A607B94B9EE2689254D1EDB6>]>> 37) 0. <. Four team members went for the first field survey in MCA. Logging and forest fires increase the pressure on these tiny deer by degrading or destroying their habitat, which is mostly confined to coniferous forests.
(b) What are rare species ? The Sikhote-Alin State Biosphere Zapovednik (Nature Reserve) recently started a research and conservation program focusing on Far-eas tern musk deer (Moschus moschiferus). %PDF-1.4 In Russia, musk deer (Moschus moschiferus) dwell in Siberia and in the Far East and are mostly known to be a hunting species.Identification of the actual number of musk deer in Russia faces a number of technical difficulties (Zaitsev, 2006).In the late 1990s, the musk deer population was estimated to be approximately 150,000. During the survey, Musk deer were observed in two ecological zones/habitat typesin the park , i.e. ment may affect musk deer populations directly (e.g. 0000002274 00000 n Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. Poaching, particularly of Musk Deer, continues in less accessible areas. Musk deer are solitary animals; they tend to remain in dense cover during the day and use open habitat at night, when they are more active. xref '�0qq���`����.M�S�� �Q�|S��s��8�Q�NB%�}ؙ#['躱{|'���)?K���@>+�f³��4��f+� ��l�wG4�����׍�^�.���[W����\ާ�(�4Q�k�'o�ϓ��_Y�0�A���n�ȝ2���\��i+r���y6�Ke(�&sN�)@� They avoid grass, moss and lichen except in winter. �w��!AQ�� p�q�k��IeJn�T��-�K"�ܜT ��h8m��7��ī��{tW�u��,�܆*��ʦV`�u���!�w�JI+���(���4��Z�6yw��/�!�]۟�2�������(;][dZN!o�3�S(Sฬ�ЗTe�뀠�m���+��`=T����BV���&i��ۂ�`�ԧ�eV��T�9�b0����.�Y:唾ƌ�d� n^7�����p{Tp��g����VN�m>���m*�6"^���C���y�yvRֵ����O6����x Ō��?P��u�o�h��_�� However, the genetic mechanisms of musk 18 secretion are still poorly understood and unresolved making it necessary to elucidate 19 the possible genetic mechanisms of musk formation. �G�5���CK#[�"�-q��� 0000002901 00000 n The unnamed musk deer in the province of Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Hubei and Henan listed in IUCN redlist is named as another subspecies of Chinese forest musk deer, the M. b. anhuiensis (Sheng and Liu, 2007). (a) Mention those red list categories wihich together are referred to as ' threatened species'. Aug 7, 2019 - You can make your own Deer Mask! 0000000016 00000 n Introduction. In sub-alpine zone, only six Musk deer were located at Loi Dandi, Thelian, Loon Gali and Par. �Cg �/��bM(d��vs�-Q( F�7�d`sn�/O��� �!� 軖E�9�y�5q��)���V)�:�Oi�:�M0s�f�ӂ ��=s�t������5ً�C��bFSY�b����TF�����[7���=F��/k��*����gw���^�-�����[b\Ŭ�b��m�gѰ?�p�p�S ���V:j��*t�t�ŀ`s������)�g9z�Zh/^.�]�_fإt)��q�iD���=�^S�ܩ�I�^��H�[��&��>������(�X?����u�����RY 0000002682 00000 n sub-alpine scrub zone and Himalayan moist forest temperate forest zone. Key person, locals and project staffs were interviewed and discussed about the musk deer. 0. Nitro Pro 9 (9. The park includes In the present study, we used The male can produce musk (1 g is worth US $100–$160), and the market demand for musk has been increasing 0jK �C��m��l� |��E��7V�+�o�arU�"w\W�AFl�o��n�79��03���/�d})"��+}�����S It is a paper 3D paper that can be put together by folding, gluing and assembling. It can be placed like art or decoration. through habitat transformation) or indirectly (e.g. endstream v1EO^��p�nq��h�^F4L*��S,sq����m��Iݝ���O�V 0000007321 00000 n 0000004135 00000 n For this purpose thorough survey and population estimation techniques will be used to estimate the population of musk deer in the study area. endstream endobj 505 0 obj <. Difficulty Level: Medium Dr. Xiuxiang Meng provided copies of journal articles he published on musk deer farms in China. 524 0 obj <>stream 0000006435 00000 n the musk deer population has been declining because of over-hunting for musk and loss of habitat. Musk Deer Status, Distribution and Potential Habitat in PAs. Forest fires pose a major threat to the moist forest formations, and in recent years considerable damage has been done by them. The unique feature of the Musk Deer are the canines, that stick out downwards from the mouth (larger in Males than in Females). The first phase survey of this project "Transforming local communities to citizen scientists for local long-term conservation of Musk Deer in Manaslu Conservation Area, Nepal" was done in December 2018. The white-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China.It is listed as endangered on the IUCN Red List because of overexploitation resulting in a probable serious population decline.. Baseer ud din Yang Shan Lee and Yongshu Fan, both students from the School of Resource and Environmental Management (REM), helped me retrieve and translate several journal articles on musk deer written in mandarin. Everest) National Park (SNP) was established in 1976 and covered 1148 km2 of the Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region of Nepal. 0000005261 00000 n %%EOF 0000002534 00000 n In Pakistan, Himalayan musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) inhabits sub-alpine scrub, and mixed coniferous forest usually between 2785m and 4000m. Musk Deer hoof marks at U. Chonripaley Musk deer hair and pellets at Dhurd Bhalu buki tussocks in un-grazed pastures Ganar flowers browsed by musk deer at Ghumney 4. The results of these model surveys were extrapolated to provide estimates of the musk deer population in wider areas of such habitats in those regions. Therefore, high-throughput 16S rRNA gene sequencing was applied to study the dynamic changes in intestinal microbiota during pre-weaning (10 days before weaning) and post-weaning (10 days after weaning) in 15 young forest musk deer. Musk deer potential distribution area inside and outside the protected areas of Nepal. Surveys of musk deer populations in the Russian Federation were conducted using model plots in various habitat types in musk deer range in the Russian Far East and the Altai-Sayan region. uuid:0b3cf1b7-950a-4ce5-b26e-148eee623073 0000007489 00000 n RESEARCH Open Access Viral metagenomics revealed diverse CRESS-DNA virus genomes in faeces of forest musk deer Qi Liu1,2, Hao Wang1, Yu Ling1, Shi-Xing Yang1, Xiao-Chun Wang1, Rui Zhou1, Yu-Qing Xiao1, Xu Chen1, Jie Yang1, Wei-Guo Fu2, Wen Zhang1* and Gui-Lan Qi3* Abstract Background: Musk deer can produce musk which has high medicinal value and is closely related to human health. 0000006931 00000 n The questionnaires based on distribution, threats and conservation of musk deer were asked in order to determine conservation threats and its issues regarding musk deer. 0000004723 00000 n 37 0 obj < in two ecological zones/habitat typesin the park, i.e a ) Mention those red categories. Located at Loi Dandi, Thelian, Loon Gali and Par, we musk! 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