They are mainly located in the capital of Kenya, Nairobi, and other urban areas such as Mombasa, Eldoret, Thika and Kisumu. Islam is the religion of 10.91 percent of the population. 97.6% of the population has a religious belief. Other faiths practiced in Kenya are Baháʼí, Buddhism, Hinduism and traditional religions. Protestants are the majority in Kenya at 47.7% of the total population. Many schools and hospitals have been built by the church. The historical role of Kadhis Courts in Kenya, and the political stakes of their constitutionality, is considered within the broader debates on Kenyan secularism. Education must prepare the student for future occupational positions, the youth should be enabled to play a productive role in society. Such people account for 2.4% of the Kenyan population. Christianity dominates the population of Kenya, with almost half of Kenyans identifying as Protestant. But one thing I am sure of, I have a premonition if he comes back today, no Kenyan … The Kenya government assures the protection and promotion of culture and cultural diversity among Kenyans. They say Christianity is the largest religion in the world. [6] They also have 2 family history centres in Kenya, and an employment resource center in Nairobi. Religion in Kenya by year‎ (1 C) A Atheism in Kenya‎ (1 C) B Bahá'í Faith in Kenya‎ (1 F) Religious buildings in Kenya‎ (2 C) C … Traditional Kikuyu religion states that Mount Kenya is God’s abode. Protestantism began in the 16th Century when Martin Luther led a break with the Roman Catholic Church in Germany. Islam is the second largest religion in Kenya, practiced by 10.91 percent of Kenyans. They mainly display the traditions of the larger "umbrella" cultures. [21][22] In the 1990s the Baháʼís in Kenya participated in a nationwide community health project including vaccinations, maintaining latrines and developing clean water sources.[23]. [3] The Roman Catholic Church makes up 20.6% of the population, about 9.7 million Kenyans. He wrote the first Swahili Bible. The dead are presumed to merely transform into another state of being and capable of bringing good fortune or calamity to the living. Today, the main Christian denominations in Kenya are Protestant confessions, which make up about 60% of the country's religious composition. Islam is the second largest religion in Kenya, practiced by 10.91 percent[1] of Kenyans. He also mentions about the role of religion in politics and science and the possible drawbacks of a religious society, religious dominance etc. However, Islam also has a significant presence. There are Hindus living in Kenya. Atheists do not believe in the existence of a God or gods. Reasonator; PetScan; Scholia; Statistics; Search depicted; Subcategories. Cultural relativism plays an important role in bringing communities together and unifying the nation. Islam and Christianity were both brought into the country from outside — Islam by Arabs, and Christianity by Europeans. These are … That is, at least every Kenyan can claim to be a member of one or the other religious group. The government has denied this. It was introduced to Kenya by John Ludwig Krapf, a German Missionary from the Church Missionary Society (CMS), who arrived in Kenya in 1844. In Kenya as it is the case with most African countries, ethnicity has been and still remains the strongest force that binds a group together because other bases of alignment such as: religion, class, nationalism etc, are recent phenomena and in most cases alien. There is an exhaustive list of countries that lack the resources needed to provide a … [14][15] A Gallup poll conducted in 2012 found that 90% of Kenyans considered themselves "a religious person", 9% consider themselves "a non religious person", while 1% define themselves as "a convinced atheist", placing Kenya in top 10 religious populations in the world.[16]. It is an all inclusive framework. The Catholic Church in Kenya is one of the biggest owners of land and property in the country. Islam is a religion that was started by the Prophet Muhammad in Arabia. Today, Woodhead says that revolution has taken place – and not just in Kendal. Prevost, Virginie. In Central Kenya, independent churches and schools were formed in an attempt by the community to preserve its culture (for instance polygamy and female circumcision) while adopting the new ways. The Maasai, Turkana, Samburu and Pokot tribes also have significant numbers of persons adhering exclusively to traditional African religions. Nairobi Vihara conducts missions and meditation[19] programs to promote Buddhism in Kenya. Buddhism is also one of the fastest[18] growing religions in Kenya. The religions subsiding in Kenya do not display the distinctions between the 42 cultures. Tensions in the country between Christians and Muslims have heightened in recent years due to the rise of Islamist radicalization, and terrorist attacks in the country orchestrated by Al-Shabaab, a Somali-based Islamist terror group. Religion has played a significant role in political system in the ancient and medical society. General overview Religious conflicts have been known to exist ever since the beginning of humankind, with those religions that follow the Semitic tradition espousing the belief that conflict within the human … Kenyan population is religious. It gives people the freedom to worship, practice, observe, or teach any religion, as well as the freedom to debate and discuss in regard to religious questions and matters. [1] This is 1.6% of the total, making this group larger than the groups reporting themselves as traditionalists, Hindu or other religion. Kenya is known for its sculpture and wood-carving, which often has religious significance. Other faiths practiced in Kenya are Baháʼí, Buddhism, Hinduism and traditional religions . Upload media Wikipedia: Facet of: Kenya: Location: Kenya: Authority control Q3076556. Subject Area: Physical Sciences and Engineering. religion in Kenya. They are a way of life and have a right to be heard. Further, the paper investigates the nature and role of testimonies in the churches showing how women and marginalized groups claim to find ‘home’ in the charismatic Pentecostal churches. Women remain underrepresented in decision-making processes at all levels. Other religions in the country include Hinduism and traditional African religions. The politics of Kenya take place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Kenya is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system in accordance with a new constitution passed in 2010. [1] They include the Anglican Church of Kenya, Africa Inland Church, Full Gospel Churches of Kenya, and the Presbyterian, Reformed, Methodist, Baptist, Lutheran, Salvation Army, and Pentecostal churches. Less than 5% of the population says they are atheist or do not believe in a higher power. Most religious rites are therefore centred on appeasing the dead through sacrifices and proper burial rites. Religion in Kenya. With only 2.4% being atheists or agnostics, Kenya is a highly religious country. TOPIC OF RESEARCH : THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN POLITICS AND GOVERNANCE IN KENYA NAME : KENGA CATHERINE REGISTRATION NUMBER: R50/74164/2014 SUPERVISOR : DR.MARTIN OUMA A research submitted in partial fulfillment of the Degree of Master of arts in International Studies . More than half in Indonesia (83%), the Philippines (58%) and India (54%) believe that religion has a bigger impact on their nation today than it did 20 years ago. The most common religion in Kenya is Christianity. Bishop Allgeyer is credited with taking the initiative to penetrate the Kenya interior. Now, Protestants are the largest group of Christians in the country. The Constitution of Kenya, along with other laws of Kenya, prohibits the discrimination of people because of their religious beliefs and protects their religious freedoms. Then came the Consolata Fathers in 1902, which spread into Kiambu, Limuru, Mang’u, Thika, Nyeri, and Meru. ii DECLARATION I Kenga Catherine hereby declare that this research … Section One: East Africa,(«Studies on Ibadism and Oman», 1)." Kenya borders five countries including Ethiopia, Uganda, Tanzania, Somalia, and South Sudan. Religion’s Role in Kenya June 13, 2008 Religion & Ethics NewsWeekly this week highlights the growing ties between church communities in western Kenya and Indiana. Religion is one of the fundamental organizations of any general public. It looks at politics from below, taking the example of the 2007 elections in Kenya, and the role of Mungiki, an organization characterized by the intersection of class, generation, religion … Christianity is the religion of about 82% of the country’s population. The catholic church has a right to get involved in educating the masses on the course to charge. There is a stigma against people who are atheists in Kenya. Its teachings are found in the Quran, its most sacred text. Traditional African religions are rooted in having reverence for ancestors and natural phenomena. As it has been observed critically by the author, politics in Kenya are ethno-centric. Kenya is a country in East Africa. What is the Oldest Religion in the World? It has come up with a National Policy on Culture and Heritage. Muslims, predominately ethnic Somalis, have in recent times complained of being targets of government-directed extra-judicial killings, a… churches in Kenya and the interpretation of the theology of the gifts of the Holy Spirit. The Role of Religion in Today’s Conflict.1 By Ms. Karen Armstrong As we are all agreed, the conflict between the Muslim world and the West is essentially political but on a popular level religion is seen as one of its root causes. Abstract: The education sector in Kenya has gone through significant development processes. Kenya has by far the highest number of Quakers of any country in the world, with around 119,285 members. [13] Muslims are concentrated mainly in the Coastal and North Eastern Regions. Contemporary sculptors often blend traditional styles with more modern ones. The church (religion)has taken the role of the mediator as our … Even the chapter six (6:48) of the draft constitution outlines the same. Muslims have complained that they are targeted and discriminated against by the government, particularly since the 1998 United States embassy bombings in Nairobi and elsewhere. Indigenous churches were instrumental in the African struggle for independence. Many countries are able to provide their youth with a stable, structured education, but many cannot. Islam arrived in Kenya around the Eighth Century. Truth is we cannot dismiss Christianity, Islam as mere tools for reconciling us with the almighty. The predominant religion in Kenya is Christianity, which is adhered to by an estimated 85.52% of the total population. Accordingly, great emphasis has been placed on vocational training. But some felt the ambassadorial role for so-called Magical Kenya should have been given to a Kenyan making an impact internationally like actress Lupita Nyong'o or comedian Elsa Majimbo. Second, the paper considers the relevance of invoking transnational sources as legal authorities in this case. Kenya natives had their indigenous religions that were unique to every community before the arrival of Islam and Christianity. The Luo, a population belonging to the Nilotic strain, perform a series of rituals and festivals to honor their dead, and this is due to the strong fear and respect they have for the dead. Roman Catholicism was first brought to Kenya in the fifteenth century by the Portuguese, and was spread rapidly during the 20th century by missionaries. However, Kenyan development practitioners during a range of interviews argued that the government and Western development actors do not effectively engage faith actors or consider religion’s role in development issues. During ancient and medieval period, the monarchs were treating themselves as the representatives of the God or ruling the society in the name of God. Nairobi Buddhist Vihara/Temple is the main centre of Buddhism in Kenya. This category has the following 16 subcategories, out of 16 total. Baha'í Faith Present in Kenya from 1945, the religion grew to an estimated of 308,000 in 2005 or about 1% of the population. There are large and historically significant populations of Swahili Muslims on the coast (most notably in Mombasa, Lamu and Malindi), in the Western Province, and smaller numbers of Somali, Arab and South Asian Muslims. Nairobi has several mosques and a notable Muslim population. Women and girls still spend long hours collecting water and firewood. The equator runs through the country. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints has more than 10,000 members in 39 congregations in Kenya. Muslims are most prominent in the Coast and North Eastern Regions of the country. Before the arrival of Christianity and Islam, the different Indigenous tribes had their own religious beliefs. By Benjamin Elisha Sawe on November 9 2020 in Society. At 9.9% of the population, the majority of Muslims in Kenya belong to the Sunni denomination in the Shafi School of jurisprudence. In the 1990s the Bahá'ís in Kenya participated in a nationwide community health project including vaccinations, maintaining latrines and developing clean water sources. "The Ibadis in the Region of the Indian Ocean. Year 2000 Estimated Baháʼí statistics from: David Barrett, World Christian Encyclopedia, 2000; Total population statistics, mid-2000 from Population Reference Bureau, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics",, ENTHRONEMENT OF BISHOPS IN KENYA - MAY 2016, "LDS Statistics and Church Facts | Total Church Membership", "Church struggles in fast-changing world", "Believers in Christ from a Muslim Background: A Global Census", "The World's Muslims: Unity and Diversity", "Special Events And Spiritual Programs At The Nairobi Buddhist Temple | Nairobi Buddhist Temple", "WCC > Member churches > Regions > Africa > Kenya", Community health workers in Kenya stir broad changes, International Religious Freedom Report 2006 – Kenya,, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. If a car needs fixing, it is brought to the mechanic shop. In the minority, are those from the Shia and other non-Sunni branches of Islam, accounting for only 1.7% of the population. The origins of religious beliefs in our ancestors remain uncertain, yet according to anthropologists the great world religions started as the movements of enlightenment and revitalization for communities seeking more comprehensive answers to … The predominant religion in Kenya is Christianity, which is adhered to by an estimated 85.52% of the total population. Christians identify themselves with Jesus Christ because they believe he is the son of God. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021, Kenya Animals — Animals That Live in Kenya, African Countries Where Christianity is the Largest Religion, African Countries With Islam As The Religion Of The Majority. Before missionaries infiltrated the countryside, Kenyan tribes believed in traditional customs. There is no gainsaying. Other beliefs in Kenya include Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, and others. Followers of traditional Kikuyu religion believe Ngai resides on Mount Kenya and say their prayers facing the mountain. Data were collected through oral The role of the modern church in the life of the 21st-century believer is critical because it fills a void only the church can. Muslims, predominately ethnic Somalis, have in recent times complained of being targets of government-directed extra-judicial killings, arbitrary arrest, detention, and deportation. (2015): 169-172. There are more than 1000 Buddhists in Kenya. Other statistically significant non-Catholic and non-Protestant movements include the New Apostolic Church, Seventh-day Adventist Church, Jehovah's Witnesses, United Pentecostal Church International, and Branhamism. [1], The Eastern Orthodox Church has over 1,000,000 members[4] making it the third largest Orthodox Church in Sub-Saharan Africa (after the Oriental Orthodox Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church). It is sometimes connected to the demographic and political organization of the country. On the other hand, agnostics neither believe nor disbelieve, claiming that it is not knowable. [7][8]However, due to the proposed law of right to worship, there have been tremendous increase in number of churches in the country recently.