It established its sovereignty in 1975 after 60 years of Australian administration. Papua New Guinea is the most linguistically diverse place on our planet. English is mainly spoken by migrants and expatriates working in the country. The language is sub-divided into two dialects - Austronesian and Papuan. The official language is English, which is widely used in business and government circles. In addition to its three official languages, Papua New Guinea has over 800 living local languages, spoken by small communities scattered across the islands’ diverse ecological settings. English, Hiri Motu, PNG Sign Language, and Tok Pisin are officially recognized languages of Papua New Guinea. Tuna fisheries have great potential and foreign-owned canneries have expanded, but licenses have been sold cheaply and fishing zones monitored poorly. English is the main language of government and commerce. The great majority of the country’s population lives in rural areas. “In Papua New Guinea, where there are more than 800 languages and as many tribes, the House of Worship represents unity for all the people of the country,” says Confucius Ikoirere, Secretary of the country’s Bahá’í National Papuan speakers, who constitute the great majority of the population, live mainly in the interior. The Highlands valleys are densely settled, whether in villages or scattered hamlets. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. There are at least 7,102 known languages still spoken in the world today. The official languages of the country all reflect its colonial history. The language is also slowly crowding out other languages spoken in the country. There are over 820 indigenous languages spoken in Papua New Guinea. Throughout much of the Highlands, carefully tended gardens dominate the landscape; some are arrayed in checkerboard patterns defined by drainage ditches, and others are circular mounds built on compost to warm and enrich the soil. Common Phrases What is your name? By John Misachi on August 30 2017 in Society. The Official Language of Guinea Papua New Guinea adopted four official languages after independence. More than two-fifths of the population is Protestant; Lutherans make up the largest portion of those, and there are some Anglicans and a growing number of Pentecostals. of English as one of the languages of instruction. When it became independent in 1949, the government of Papua New Guinea chose three languages for official use – English, Tok Pisin (creole) and Hiri Motu (simplified form of the Austronesian language, Motu). Download. Sweet potato farming, south-central Highlands, Papua New Guinea. In addition to the official languages, there are more than 800 distinct indigenous languages belonging to two radically different language groups—Austronesian, to which the local languages classified as Melanesian belong, and non-Austronesian, or Papuan. At times logs have accounted for one-tenth of the value of national exports, but that proportion fell by about half during the Asian economic crisis of the late 1990s and only recovered slowly in the first decade of the 21st century. However, since the early 1970s, the use of Hiri Motu has been gradually declining due to the growing popularity of English and Tok Pisin. 2. Free PDF. Amid such a multiplicity of tongues, Tok Pisin serves as an effective lingua franca. Papua New Guinea (PNG) has taken a radically different approach to the use of the vernacular for literacy and basic education. In other words, there is one language every 558 sq. Approximately another one-fifth are Roman Catholics. Approximately another one-fifth are Roman Catholics. 304 Papua New Guinea is a country of a little more than three million inhabitants in which it is said that 750 distinct languages are spoken. Many of these languages are spoken only by a very small number of … miles)! Download PDF Package. About five million people in the country can use Tok Pisin to some extent, although not all speak it fluently. Rapid population growth has created difficulties in providing basic health and education services. See these phrases in any combination of two languages in the Phrase Finder. It has over 850 vernacular languages (Grimes 1992), two pidgin lingua francas as national languages and English as the official language. PACIFIC LINGUISTICS Se le B -No. - yu orait ? In the slightly more elevated areas away from the main rivers there are extensive areas of poor grassland with a high water table that are used for swidden cultivation and hunting. Hiri Motu is a simplified trading language originally used by the people who lived around what is now Port Moresby when it came under that name in 1884. Austronesian speakers generally inhabit the coastal regions and offshore islands, including the Trobriands and Buka. Speakers were allowed to use their own languages. English is the first. Papua New Guinea is unique in a number of ways compared with other developing countries. Papua New Guinea, in the southwestern Pacific, encompasses the eastern half of New Guinea and its offshore islands. Key to abbreviations: frm = formal, inf = informal Tok Pisin, an English-based creole , is the most widely spoken, serving as the country's lingua franca . Almost all commercial crops are exported, although the domestic vegetable market is growing rapidly. Seventh-day Adventism is increasing in popularity, and there are also small numbers of Bahāʾīs and Muslims. 6.2K likes. Despite the greatly diminished importance of plantations and the relocation of most of the airstrips out of the towns, those origins helped determine the existing urban layout. A number of indigenous languages enjoy the status of national languages in the country. - Yu whosait?My name is (Joe) - Nem bilong mi (Joe)Thank you very much - tenk yu tru(e)No thank you - sori nogutHow are you? The Huli People Of Papua New Guinea And Their Dramatic Headgears, Types Of Crimes By Number Of Offenses In The US, The 10 Biggest Shopping Malls In The World. - em hamas? One fifth of all the world's languages are to be found there. All four of these languages were adopted in 1975 after the country gained independence from Australia. There are hundreds of ethnic groups indigenous to Papua New Guinea, the majority being from the group known as Papuans, whose ancestors arrived in the New Guinea region tens of thousands of years ago. Papua New Guinea’s rate of population growth tends to be high and life expectancy somewhat low, relative to other countries in the region. It is the most linguistically diverse country in the world, accounting for 12% of the world’s total languages. Tok Pisin is English-based creole and is the most … About one-third of the population is under 15 years of age. The majority of Papua New Guinea’s people are at least nominally Christian. The official languages of Papua New Guinea are Tok Pisin, English and Hiri Motu. The southern New Guinea plains are only sparsely populated by relatively mobile sago gatherers. km (or about 178,700 sq. They are Tok Pisin, English, Hiri Motu, and Papua New Guinean Sign Language. Languages of Papua New Guinea Expanded PDF Digest, 347 pp. Become a Contributor Are you an expert on the languages of Papua New Guinea? The country, including its islands, covers an area of approximately 178,704 square miles and has a population of about 7 million people. At least two official languages are used in most of the institutions around the country. I've made it safely to my 134th country - PAPUA NEW GUINEA! Pidgin English and Hiri Motu are more commonly used (an estimated 742 other languages and dialects are also spoken). What is the world’s largest archipelago? However, it is spoken by about 100,000 people or 1-2% of the population. A collection of useful phrases in Tok Pisin, an English-based Croele language spoken in Papua New Guinea. It is one of the four official languages of Papua New Guinea and the most widely spoken language in the country. The small urban population lives for the most part in towns whose original location was determined either by access to a good harbour for early colonial planters or, in the interior, by the availability of level land sufficient for an airstrip. 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