Musk deer can refer to any one, or all seven, of the species that make up Moschus, the only extant genus of the family Moschidae. After the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 came into vogue, Government of India started some special projects to protect some of the endangered animals of India. A conservation project was launched at the Kedarnath sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand) under the Threatened Deer Programme of the International Union for Conservation of Natural (IUCN) and Natural Resources with the cooperation of the Government of India. protection of entire ecosystems required for the habitat of the tiger, and over the years, the tiger population has increased considerably. The number of this deer reduced to mere eighteen in the year 1977; as a result this area was declared a national park in 1977, and conservation measures were initiated for the protection of the species.Project Hangul The Kashmir stag (Hangul) is an endangered mammal, now found only at Dachigam sanctuary and in some other small pockets of Jammu & Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh. km. The musk deer habitat area was calculated by two methods: (1) Minimum Convex Polygon method (MCP), including 95% of locations; and (2) Kernel method with the inclusion of probable density distribution of locations at 95% (home range) and at 50% (core zone of the habitat area or center of activity) levels. After the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972 came into vogue, Government of India started some special projects to protect some of the endangered animals of India. Musk Deer: An Aromatic Species If you are someone who is planning a documentary on Himalayan Wildlife then here is something to pay attention to. Radio tracking allows us to understand home range sizes required by musk deer, habitat requirements, daily travel distances, behavior, food habits, and daily … Four hundred to four hundred fifty kg of raw musk came out of Russia in 1999–2000—about 17,000 to 20,000 male musk deer. If you have any questions or concerns regarding any content published here, feel free to contact us using the Contact link below. It was established in 1980. The details of these projects are discussed below. China was the major legal exporter of such products from 1978 to 1996. Private Project. The present article discusses about various special projects undertaken by the Government of India and various State Governments to protect some endangered species. Musk deer occur in nine of these countries: the remaining 26 countries were re-exporters. The Directive Principles of State Policy of the Indian Constitution delineates India's commitment to protect the environment. Enter The Musk Deer. The project aims to conduct research studies to collect data on the population and habitat status of musk deer in Salkhla Game Reserve and neighboring forest. Deer are ruminant mammals and the group also include elk, chital, muntjac and reindeer but antelope and musk deer belong to separate families. Secondary information will be collected from local knowledgeable persons through opinion poll which … Accordingly, the Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed in the year 1972 to protect endangered Indian animals. They live in dense forests. Musk deer were on the verge of extinction in Lahaul-Spiti, but after the intervention of local Mahila Mandals, their count is on the rise. The Areylungchok Musk Deer Conservation Zone (AMDCZ) falls within the Khangchendzonga National Park which is notified under the Wildlife Protection Act -1972 and the flagship species here is the globally endangered Musk Deer (Moschus chrysogaster) which is protected under schedule I of Wildlife Protection Act-1972. The rear side is small and arched which aids them to organize the jumps. The Protected .Area network now comprises 586 … Their life is completed by little Addae. The Wildlife Conservation Society, in association with the Pacific Institute of Geography and the Svertsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, is also taking part in this project. The hind limbs are muscular and long and the forelimbs are weak and thin. Musk deer live alone. km. This project was initiated in the year 2013 by the Rajasthan Government and it is aimed at saving the rare birds. More importantly, common people are required to be very conscious about the protection of wildlife. To Study the details of the musk deer a project funded by WWF was undertaken between 1978 -1980. Only the males produce musk, and females have just one fawn each year. - To involve the local people in the project intimately. The unique feature of the Musk Deer are the canines, that stick out downwards from the mouth (larger in Males than in Females). The Kedarnath Wildlife Sanctuary is also called the Kedarnath Musk Deer Sanctuary and was named after the rare breed of deer, endemic to the Himalayas of Nepal, China, Bhutan, India and Pakistan. The musk deer research farm established by the Ayush department in Pithoragarh district in 1977 is witnessing a dwindling population of the animal, probably due to lack of conservation. As a result, Project Tiger was launched on 1 April 1973 with the twin objectives to ensure maintenance of viable population of tigers in India for scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values, and to preserve for all times, areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people. WCS, the "W" logo, WE STAND FOR WILDLIFE, I STAND FOR WILDLIFE, and STAND FOR WILDLIFE are service marks of Wildlife Conservation Society. The project was simple: Robin Rinaldi, a successful magazine journalist, would move into a San Francisco apartment, join a dating site, and get laid. Adult males have a pod under their abdominal skin which is valued for its scent. Musk deer are poached for their scent glands which are worth more than gold in Asia “One thing that sets this project apart is that it bridges ecology and communities, engaging locals in surveys and anti-poaching patrols.” Musk Deer Project Photograph courtesy J. Goodrich The Sikhote-Alin State Biosphere Zapovednik (Nature Reserve) recently started a research and conservation program focusing on Far-eas tern musk deer (Moschus moschiferus). They only come together to mate. Eminent ornithologist K. Salim Ali supported the campaign for declaring it as the National Bird. It is one of the heaviest flying birds and was once considered for the status of 'National Bird' of India. The program involves such methods as radio-telemetry, behavioral analysis based on sign, tracking, visual observation, and population monitoring via snow track counts. The Musk Deer has long, curved canine teeth that project well below its lips. The Directive Principles of State Policy of the Indian Constitution delineates India's commitment to protect the environment. In 1973-74, nine tiger reserves were established. No HTML formatting and links to other web sites are allowed. # Musk was a name originally given to a substance with a strong odor obtained from a gland of the musk deer. The Wildlife Conservation Society, in association with the Pacific Institute of Geography and the Svertsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution, is also taking part in this project. Project Description The Himalayan Wildlife Foundation was instrumental in having the remote north east area of the Neelum Valley in AJK notified as the Musk Deer National Park in 2007. Now, there are twenty one tiger reserves distributed throughout the country covering a forest area of over 30,500 sq kms. The Pithoragarh project took off in 1973 … We all know that the Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps}, locally called Godawan is getting extinct and this bird can be found in Rajasthan and AP. These methods will let us answer such important conservation questions such as population status, distribution, territory and habitat use, feeding, diurnal activity, intraspecific communication, and the impact of existing roads on the musk deer population. Everything went to China, Hong Kong, Japan, and South Korea. Habitat destruction, over-grazing by domestic cattle and sheep and poaching reduced their number to less than 200 by the year 1970. The Gir Lion Sanctuary Project The Asiatic lion which once existed in the northern and central areas of the Indian sub—continent is now confined to the Gir forest of Gujarat. adding about 23092 sq. This effort has produced promising results and the population of the deer has increased to some extent.Crocodile Breeding Project The Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), the Mugger (Crocodylus palustris) and the salt-water Crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), the three species of crocodilians found in India, became very rare by the early 1970s. Here is the list of endangered and endemic species of deer found in India. The first men to have reached this Sanctuary, while … Its alternate name comes from its primary purpose of protecting the endangered Himalayan musk deer. Project Elephant In Order to protect and conserve the elephant population of the country, a project has been formulated almost on the lines of the Project Tiger. Sincere thanks to Mr. K. Mohan for supplementing additional information. The tusks break easily, but growth is continuous. Chital deer also known as spotted deer is the most common species of deer found in India and native to the forest of the Indian subcontinent. They are found at altitudes between 2,500m and 4,000m. The fate of 17 virtually abandoned deer at the Musk Deer Breeding Centre in Pithoragarh, Uttar Pradesh, paints a sorry picture of conservation efforts. The Sikhote-Alin State Biosphere Zapovednik (Nature Reserve) recently started a research and conservation program focusing on Far-eastern musk deer (Moschus moschiferus). Data on musk deer ecology are collected using a variety of methods, including radio tracking, snow tracking, and camera trapping. However, weaning stress may cause intestinal microbiota-related disorders. Online trading of deer musk, extracted by killing endangered musk deer, normally spotted in Kashmir valley in India, has been busted by a secret operation of forest officials of Tiruppattur division i The white-bellied musk deer or Himalayan musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) is a musk deer species occurring in the Himalayas of Nepal, Bhutan, India, Pakistan and China. Attempts to establish "sustainable" … … The Kashmir musk deer, the Himalayan musk deer and the alpine musk deer are three of seven similar species found in Asia’s montane forests and alpine scrublands. The best season to visit this Sanctuary is from April to June and again from September to November. For this purpose thorough survey and population estimation techniques will be used to estimate the population of musk deer in the study area. Photograph courtesy J. Goodrich 17 years later, the adopted daughter learns the story of her family through a letter from the deceased father, … This, coupled with habitat destruction, brought a sharp decline in its population. like to thank all field staff of the project that worked in the wild forests in the areas where musk deer have been counted. Write detailed comment, relevant to the topic. With the assistance of the Government of India launched a crocodile breeding and management project, initially in Orissa in the year 1975. They are globally Endangered according to IUCN Red List and listed in CITES Appendix I. Musk deer hunting has been illegal in Mongolia since 1953, but 2,000 … Do not include your name, "with regards" etc in the comment. Digital Marketing by SpiderWorks Technologies, Kochi - India. My appreciation to the author for bringing this article which says much about the top projects being initiated to save the Indian wild life from extinction but the author has forgotten about the Project Great Indian Bustard. The Musk Deer in the Himalayas are of great importance for the perfume manufacturers as the musk found in the scent gland of male deer is used to create perfumes. Weaning is an important event for all mammals, including young forest musk deer. The musk deer, which was once found throughout the Himalayas, has been persecuted by man for its musk used in the preparation of perfumes and medicine. Accordingly, the Wildlife (Protection) Act was passed in the year 1972 to protect endangered Indian animals. The highest numbers of chital … Spotted Deer – चीतल . Over the same period, 42 countries imported musk and musk products. Life. This, coupled with habitat destruction, brought a sharp decline in its population. The details of these projects are discussed below.Project Tiger Considering the rapid decline of the tiger population in the country, a special task force was set up in 1970 by the Indian Board for Wildlife to prepare an action plan to conserve the tiger population in India. Absolutely no spam allowed. Description: Rare, elusive and endangered, the Musk Deer is one of the most fascinating species of Deer found in the southern slopes of Himalayas. A conservation project was launched at the Kedarnath sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh (now in Uttarakhand) under the Threatened Deer Programme of … The musk deer is grayish brown, with long coarse brittle hair, and stands 50–60 cm (20–24 inches) at the shoulder, slightly higher at the rump. Musk deer eat grass and moss; in winter they also eat twigs and lichen. The scheme was subsequently extended to Uttar Pradesh, Rajasthan, West Bengal, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andamans, Assam, Bihar and Nagaland. Conservation of biological diversity leads to conservation of essential ecological diversity to preserve the continuity of food chains. Siberian musk deer, one of the seven species, is distributed in coniferous forests of Asia. This is a strictly moderated site. It lies just next to the Nanda Devi peak. Under joint collaboration with the IUCN and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), Jammu & Kashmir state took up a project for the protection and conservation of this animal in 1970. Protected Area network has increased from 1.33 lakh sq. Musk deer populations in Russia have fallen by 50% in the last 10 years according to a report launched by TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network. Project Tiger represents the country's commitment to protecting wildlife and is recognized today as a conservation success story. Yes, the Great Indin Bustard is another endangered species of bird. 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