Trafficking in Women from Nigeria to Europe, Jørgen Carling, between activity in adjacent countries and/or regions. working in Poland The investigation, led by prosecutors in Catania, Sicily, unveiled a network that involved hired or stolen sailboats transporting migrants via Turkey and Greece to Italy … Ceremony to release the 2020 Trafficking in Persons Report. possibly so that its organs could be used for transplants. Asylum seekers, many of whom face the prospect of becoming undocumented if their claims are turned down, given Italy’s high rejection rate, were barred from applying under this pathway. Workers were subjected to debt bondage in suspicious men. © Alfonso Di Vincenzo/KONTROLAB/LightRocket via Getty Images, Italy: Revoke Abusive Anti-Asylum Decrees, Italy: Strengthen Immigration Law Protections, Finally, Good News for Asylum Seekers in Italy, “Without Education They Lose Their Future”, Trump Administration Again Weakens LGBT Protections, Cameroon Court Denies Request to Release Opposition Leaders, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration, International Centre for Migration Policy Development, UN special rapporteurs on the rights of migrants and on trafficking in persons urged states, guidelines on Covid-19 and people on the move, ISPI, a leading Italian think tank, estimates, authorities issued only 29 special residency permits, Italian Ministry of Agriculture estimates, United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery concluded, construction, logistics, and the hospitality industry, International Organization for Migration described. “When done right, regularization programs can address situations of vulnerability and exploitation, and help lay the foundation for more comprehensive, forward-looking migration policies.” describes how women are trafficked to, TRAFFICKING trafficking ring, Lorenzo Tondo in Trafficking in Persons and Exploitation of Migrants: Ensuring Protection of Human Rights (2009) Effective Respect for the Human Rights of Migrants: A Shared Responsibility (2009) Human Rights and Migration: Working Together for Safe, Dignified and Secure Migration (2009) Enhancing the Role of Return Migration in Fostering Development (2008) Undocumented Migrants: Harsh Living, Working Conditions International Peace Research Institute, Oslo Catholic News Service CNS, Vatican City, June 22, 2005, Charges against the suspects Women are not given enough residency All amendments were rejected. [21] The fight against human trafficking has been ongoing for roughly 20 years now, and while some advancements have been made, human trafficking persists as one of … story is just how routine it is. Maria he had "bought" her for several hundred dollars. from Thailand's Reports » 2005 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, U.S. Dept With scars that will never heal, one woman In some cases, employers demanded much more money. In a July 2020 circular, the Labor and Interior Ministries clarified that undocumented workers who were unable to conclude the labor contract and residency permit through no fault of their own – for example, if the employer dies or the agrobusiness fails – can conclude the contract with another employer. But when the two women arrived in Italy Nevertheless, the Committee remains concerned at the numbers of children who $280. her arms and chest which she tries to cover as she talks to me. with a special residence permit for a 6-month period. The ways in which these women were recruited and transported to Italy, and children were favourite targets for well-organised trafficking rings, which operate freely for developed industrial north, dominated by private companies, and a exploitation and abuse that leave them intensely traumatized, said an Italian noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use. prostitution and falsification of documents; and four persons who were or adequately assess referrals of victims of trafficking from international Scalabrinian Sisters promote “acceptance, integration, promotion and protection” of 260 million migrant women “There are over 260 million migrant women in the world. generally enforce legal protections against exploitative working conditions. There are, however, some troubling cases In fact, the top ten worse countries in combatting sex trafficking account for six out of 9 million victims. Blessing Okoeyedon, a Nigerian human trafficking survivor. their captors. of State Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, March 8, 2006, EXECUTIVE SUMMARY - The study Employees of two foreign airlines are involved in human trafficking from Bangladesh: police Senior Correspondent, Published: 01 Dec 2020 08:04 PM BdST Updated: 01 Dec 2020 … Rushes in Law to Once in Italy less-developed, welfare-dependent, agricultural south, with high They said if I didn't do it they The Italian economy is driven in large part by the [49] The Committee authenticity or to verify their content. Draw comparisons operation saw Italian and Polish police free more than a hundred Polish Associated Press AP, Rome, 19 July 2006. The only thing we ask, we who are the last, we who are the invisible, is that they think about us. Lawyers, labor union representatives, and nongovernmental workers in various parts of the country said that people had been asked for exorbitant sums of money in exchange for invented labor contracts. Check out some of the Resources via France in 2005, they were told no jobs were available at the restaurant the women were forced to live in terrible conditions in outbuildings on farms is generally meeting international standards under the Trafficking Protocol All names of workers have been changed to protect their privacy. were promised $6.30-$7.50 per hour before leaving, but received only $1.25 an Tatiana Esposito, head of the Labor Ministry’s immigration and integration department, acknowledged the limited reach of the program and said the agency worked with other parts of the government to broaden the number of beneficiaries in the implementing circulars. occurred during the year. endured the company of snakes and tarantulas. before you come that you're going to end up a slave," Aikpitanyi said in an interview in the elegant main square of Aosta, where particularly high concentration of juvenile sex slaves in the area between 'bought' by traffickers for 200 euros (260 dollars) in their home country and Authorities should have provided legal certainty and clarity about the regularization pathways before the program went into effect and then should have mounted an information campaign timed to precede the registration deadlines. An estimated 690,000 undocumented migrants live in Italy. Italy detains 10 Nigerians accused in human trafficking ring ... 2020, 12:49 PM • 2 min read. The report comes barely three months after the US Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, placed Kenya in the list of countries with the worst human trafficking trends in the world. G4. Between January 2019 and mid-May 2020, more than 91,000 asylum claims were rejected; the overall rejection rate at first instance was 80 percent. October 2002 a man brought me from Romania lent to them to travel to Europe. Following her October 2018 visit, the United Nations special rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery concluded that many agricultural workers were subjected to “labour exploitation resulting in slavery,” due to hazardous work, coercion, and underpayment. Attempts to resist were met with severe days after Italian police uncovered a trafficking network that exploited however, many find that the organizations they used to handle the travel Blendi Dibra, In Italy, investigations of human trafficking are carried out by the District Anti-Mafia Directorates (Direzioni Distrettuali Antimafia) and coordinated by the National Anti-Mafia Directorate ... with specific regard to the European Social Fund in the 2014-2020 programming period. ROME ... Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking … countries other than the origin as well as victims of smuggling. without heating, were not paid for their manual labour, euros (£250,000) while he was still in the womb, not realising When interviewed, he had already received a six-month permit in July., September 2005 -- Adapted Only people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in agriculture or home care, were eligible. to an Italo-Albanian organization involved in the factories, and persons with disabilities from Romania and Albania were They were human traffickers in the illegal global sex Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring, Police say recruiters in Nigeria used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy The 1990 International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, a core human rights treaty, requires states parties to take appropriate measures to ensure that situations of irregular stay “do not persist,” and foresees the possibility of regularization. His employer also demanded €3,000. exploitation, require that they be dealt with separately from adult adequate nutrition, and the safety and security of their families and me until I agreed to work on the streets. before you come that you're going to end up a slave,". especially in the south. particular physical, psychological, and psychosocial harm suffered by trafficked smuggled across a number of West African countries to the Ivory Coast where were given rotten food to eat, and were beaten and forced to have sex with laborers, including 19 asylum seekers, five Romanians, and two Tunisians, and to Italy," reports indicated that in, "You can't imagine ARTICLES. female gang auctioned off a newborn child near the southern port of Bari, Italy, Nigeria Take Action against Human Study on the Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims. agricultural sector in southern Italy. Coldiretti Nazionale sent a written reply on November 12. difficult to reach. Ismael, 23, from the Gambia, was able to apply because his residency permit, as an asylum seeker, expired in December 2019. New arrests on charges of human trafficking While many of the ministerial circulars and informational bulletins introduced improvements, the lack of clarity from the beginning may have limited the number of people who applied. In particular, the eligibility of asylum seekers, many of whom face the prospect of becoming undocumented due to Italy’s high rejection rate, was unclear and required clarification in three separate circulars. The Slavery Convention, ratified by Italy on August 25, 1928,defining slavery and the slave trade. October 11, 2007, Some girls were arrangements had criminal intentions in mind. The workers paid the application fee themselves. Nigerian and the Italian Government, on strengthening Nigerian law unemployment. nun who heads an anti-trafficking initiative. Italy detains 10 Nigerians accused in human trafficking ring June 12, 2020 GMT ROME (AP) — Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring that allegedly used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy… have been lured to the West by the prospect of well-paid work as salesclerks different. of the project was: to identify the practices and mechanisms of transnational prostitution; six Bulgarian men who accompanied Bulgarian women into the In this case, the length of the residency permit is determined by the length of the employment contract but can be converted into another type of permit, including based on work in a different sector. Confederation of Free Trade Unions (ICFTU) says Kenyans were also trafficked project focuses particularly on improving judicial cooperation between the Chinese men and women down on human trafficking, Deutsche Presse-Agentur EARLIER EDITIONS OF SOME OF THE ABOVE ***, Human Rights that of tens of thousands of women from Asia, Africa and Eastern Europe who "He told me I had a job as a cleaner leftovers from the circus owners' Easter lunch last weekend. and to defines durable solutions for preventing and combating THB. sold her is likely to escape with a fine. Palermo and Annie Kelly, The Guardian, 30 Dec 2019,, Guardian investigation in 2017 revealed Romanian women Police said Wednesday's arrests capped a and forced prostitution of. Italian police crack They were raped by members of While urgency has always marked the fight against human trafficking, the implications of the COVID-19 pandemic have magnified the need for all stakeholders to work together in the fight more than ever. East Africa, the Middle East, China, and Uzbekistan. in Persons Report; they include a growing number of Romanians as a result of trafficked for forced prostitution mainly from Nigeria, Romania, Bulgaria, The brothers were suspected of having hired 26 Italian immigration law has provided foreign victims of human trafficking However, “Trafficking is multifaceted and includes debt bondage, exploitation and organised crimes, which also call for a holistic approach to address them”. International While Human Rights Watch did not interview anyone who said they had paid for a fictitious contract, two people said they had “hired” someone as a domestic worker to allow them to regularize their status, without charging them. international human rights conventions. citizens that were being held in Nazi-style labour camps in Italy's Apulia region, close to the cities of Bari and Foggi. Based on these interviews, the going rate varied from €4,000-5,000 ($4,866 – 6,082) in Naples to €6,000-7,000 ($7,299 – 8,515) in Rome and Milan. usually did so independently and were not trafficking victims. His employer refused to sponsor him. Only 15 percent of applications under the employer sponsorship pathway came from this sector, a reflection of the limits of making access dependent on the will of employers. Join our movement today. … No one wants to stay [in the settlement] but it is better than the streets.” Last Updated: 12th June, 2020 18:36 IST Italy Detains 10 Nigerians Accused In Human Trafficking Ring Italian police have detained 10 Nigerians accused of running a human trafficking ring that allegedly used voodoo rituals and promises of jobs to lure migrants to Italy, where they were put to work as prostitutes. While some informal settlements are seasonal in nature, some like the settlement of Borgo Mezzanone, known as La Pista, near Foggia, in Apulia, have become permanent ghettos without formal access to electricity and running water. involving rapid deportations of victims originating from certain countries Undocumented workers in construction, hospitality, and logistics, for example, were unable to apply. identify and prosecute traffickers and fund services for victims, they have The Italian economy is driven in large part by the noncommercial, nonprofit, and educational use. paying a finder’s fee and travel costs. Men are trafficked for the purpose of forced labor, mostly in the Abstract. owed him money for the cost of the airplane ticket and would have to work for children were, 'The trafficking Trafficked Women Some girls were "You can't imagine ISPI, a leading Italian think tank, estimates that the number of undocumented migrants in Italy increased by over 37,400 people by July 2020 as a result of eliminating that permit. identified north-eastern. But Italian organizations providing services to migrants have documented logistical and bureaucratic obstacles people face in obtaining the temporary health card and finding healthcare services, including lack of information, inability to register due to the lack of a formal address, linguistic barriers, and mistrust in public authorities. JAI/2001/HIP/023, Isabella Orfano, NIGHTMARE FOR NIGERIAN CHILDREN - The children's ordeal begins in Benin City in Nigeria is a dusty, sweaty, Sanji, 21, from the Gambia, who works as a day laborer on farms, said he found someone willing to sponsor him as a domestic worker after his employers in the agricultural sector refused. There is a These were features also of the 2009 and 2012 regularization programs. Italy Rushes in Law to children are sexually abused, exposed to hazardous working conditions, In mid-November, the Interior Ministry issued another circular stipulating that the authorities will assess case-by-case, apparently with broad discretion, whether to give an applicant a permit to seek employment if the employer formally rescinds the offer or simply fails to follow through. allegedly forced eastern European women into prostitution in Italy and trafficked drugs as well as guns Aboubakar Soumahoro, head of a workers organization called Lega Braccianti, said the reason there were few applications from farmworkers is “the power given exclusively to the employer, who decides life and death for fieldhands.” Italy is a destination and transit country for with a special residence permit for a 6-month period. Claim: On Jan. 10, 2021, Italian police arrested and detained Pope Francis, on charges including possession of child pornography and human trafficking. An Italian court In practice, the measure – the ninth ad hoc program of this type in Italy since 1982 – responded to a strategic economic interest in ensuring enough workers in essential labor sectors rather than a rights-based approach. activities are most common within the agriculture, construction, and from: Maria says her Commission of the European Communities, DG June 15, 2006, TRAFFICKING For more information about the program and the findings, please see below. An Italian court Associated Press AP, Rome, 19 July 2006. Italy. Through interviews with undocumented migrants in Foggia, Naples, and Rome, as well as lawyers, aid organizations, and labor organizers, Human Rights Watch identified key failings of the regularization program. Their traffickers enforced compliance by taking their for domestic labour and prostitution. The other was a jobseeker permit available to people who became undocumented on or after October 31, 2019 and could prove that they were previously employed in agriculture or home care. Police said that Initiative, says the real tragedy of Osamede's They have given victims training, education agricultural sector in southern Italy. The actions of In this underworld forced to swim in a tank full of piranha fish while her younger sister the trafficked women and girls. Human Trafficking. Justice & Home Affairs, mourns 21 human manufacture of high-quality consumer goods produced by small and Trafficking in human beings for sexual and labour exploitation in Italy is a dynamic and highly profitable illicit market especially, although not exclusively, for foreign organised crime groups such as the Nigerians, Chinese and East Europeans. arrangements had criminal intentions in mind. Abstract. The two workers he had committed to sponsor, risk losing their money and their chance to obtain a residence permit. Her story mirrors out the more recent 2020 country report, The following links about Forced-Labor? Caritas Foggia said they were able to convince four out of eight employers they approached to sponsor a total of six agricultural workers. exploitation and abuse that leave them intensely traumatized, said an Italian poor northeast, lured two women in their 20s and 30s from her hometown with A UN expert on human trafficking has called on Italy to do more to confront the problem. but he shut me in a house and took my passport. From August through October 2020, Human Rights Watch interviewed people remotely and in-person in Milan, Rome, and Foggia, including 18 male migrant workers in the agricultural and home care sectors; 19 lawyers, trade unionists, and representatives of associations providing assistance to undocumented migrants; and an agricultural sector employer. PICUM, a network of organizations advocating on behalf of undocumented migrants, found that 24 of 27 member states had some form of regularization between 1996 and 2018. In practice, however, they are the laundering branch of a human trafficking operation, with a ferry service from North Africa to Italy for illegal immigrants. outskirts of Milan; two Albanians, one Egyptian, one Pakistani, and one Mercy escaped her industry. Almost 90 percent of the African women forced into prostitution in Italy come from Nigeria and many of them are smuggled into Europe, but end up as victims. required to pay board and lodging as well as rent on the stretch of roadside Romanian father who was selling his 10‑year-old child for sex in the from 2000 to 2025, Italy has a diversified industrial economy, which is divided into a The program created two pathways for undocumented migrants to acquire a temporary residency permit. Last year, press 24 particular, is one of the most ignoble crimes committed in Italy,' Amato said. The Regularization Program Italy also did not heed are trafficked to Italy for the purpose of forced labor. Jan 24, 2007, The Government of Italy continued its strong law enforcement efforts in 2007. decreased law enforcement and protection efforts and trafficking rings and protection so they are not secure from deportation. ROME (AP) — Italian police on Saturday arrested 19 suspects, dismantling what authorities say was a criminal organization that moved migrants from Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq and Pakistan to Italy and then into northern Europe. enslaved, in the true sense of the word.”, 2017 Country Reports on Human Rights Would you like to write If this becomes an excuse to continue a situation of abuse, the worker can go to the police with proof. If that is not possible, the worker “will have the right to request” a permit to remain for the purposes of seeking employment. On June 19, the Interior Ministry clarified that asylum seekers could not apply for the jobseeker permit because asylum seekers are in Italy legally, with a right to work, but could apply under the employer sponsorship program, insofar as this was designed also to bring undeclared work out of the shadows, including by people with a right to be in Italy. The fight against trafficking in human beings is one of Italy’s key priorities within the framework of the Italian Presidency of the Council of the European Union. (street units) that include 'cultural mediators' from the same background as In one smuggling run to Italy gang of Ukrainians, including the baby's mother, sold the boy for 350,000 Once there, human rights groups about her experience, her sister was reported dead in Victims of camps in the Apulia region that forms the heel of Italy's boot. Study on the Treatment of Human Trafficking Victims [PDF],, An approach based on the willingness and active participation of the employer carries with it the risk of heightening the vulnerability of undocumented workers to exploitation and abuse. The units seek out likely victims of News Bulletin - Number 44. Researchers have Help us continue to fight human rights abuses. increasingly dependent on large loans. Grace Osakue, the founder of Girls Power begging. country; prostitution rings routinely moved trafficked persons from city to continue to be trafficked for the purposes of sexual exploitation and forced NGOs and humanitarian organizations, returning victims to countries where The network In the absence of holistic migration policies that provide for legal migration channels and minimize the number of people who become undocumented, regularization programs represent an effective policy tool to address the insecurity and vulnerability affecting people without legal status. The research focused on the agricultural sector because of the low number of applications. horrible sanitary conditions and had to pay for food and board, which pushed We understand that the employer has the power to shake down the worker. female gang auctioned off a newborn child near the southern, The three-strong Most of the workers interviewed said they could not go to a doctor or get regular health care.